For Immediate Release May 29, 2010
Statement by the Press Secretary on Today’s Pardoning in Malawi
The White House is pleased to learn of President Bingu wa Mutharika’s pardon of Tiwonge Chimbalanga and Steven Monjeza. These individuals were not criminals and their struggle is not unique. We must all recommit ourselves to ending the persecution and criminalization of sexual orientation and gender identity. We hope that President Mutharika’s pardon marks the beginning of a new dialogue which reflects the country’s history of tolerance and a new day for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights in Malawi and around the globe.
Statement by the President on the Latest Efforts to Contain the BP Oil Spill
Today, I’ve spoken with National Incident Commander Admiral Thad Allen, as well as Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson, and senior White House advisors John Brennan and Carol Browner regarding the ongoing efforts to stop the BP oil spill. From the beginning, our concern has been that the surest way to stop the flow of oil – the drilling of relief wells – would take several months to complete. So engineers and experts have explored a variety of alternatives to stop the leak now. They had hoped that the top kill approach attempted this week would halt the flow of oil and gas currently escaping from the seafloor. But while we initially received optimistic reports about the procedure, it is now clear that it has not worked. Rear Admiral Mary Landry today directed BP to launch a new procedure whereby the riser pipe will be cut and a containment structure fitted over the leak.
This approach is not without risk and has never been attempted before at this depth. That is why it was not activated until other methods had been exhausted. It will be difficult and will take several days. It is also important to note that while we were hopeful that the top kill would succeed, we were also mindful that there was a significant chance it would not. And we will continue to pursue any and all responsible means of stopping this leak until the completion of the two relief wells currently being drilled.
As I said yesterday, every day that this leak continues is an assault on the people of the Gulf Coast region, their livelihoods, and the natural bounty that belongs to all of us. It is as enraging as it is heartbreaking, and we will not relent until this leak is contained, until the waters and shores are cleaned up, and until the people unjustly victimized by this manmade disaster are made whole.
REMARKS BY THE FIRST LADY
AT DETROIT MENTORING LUNCHEON
Detroit Institute of Art
12:54 P.M. EDT
MRS. OBAMA: It’s good to see you. You all please sit down. So, how does it feel? Pretty good, huh? Are you hungry, you anxious? Well, don’t be. We’re excited to be here.
First of all, I want to thank the First Gentleman of Michigan, Dan Mulhern, who is my friend. I want us to give him another round of applause, because he and the governor — (applause) — they’ve been doing such a fantastic job promoting mentoring all around the state.
But it is a pleasure for me to be here with you all today to bring together some of the most extraordinary men and women in our country with some of the most promising young people in this city so that you all could really get a chance to talk, and learn from each other, and hopefully inspire one other.
As you see, because everyone was introduced, we’ve got just some amazing people who have flown here just to be with you. Many have had to come from all over the place to be here, not just me. We’ve got a Cabinet Secretary, we’ve got a governor, a mayor. We’ve got CEOs here, we’ve got members of Congress, we have one of the great filmmakers of our time. We’ve got an NBA legend and entrepreneur, and we have the head of the United States Secret Service presidential detail. And just so you know how important this man is to me, he protects my husband. He makes sure that everywhere he goes — (applause) — the Secret Service to us are like family, and we love them dearly, and we’re just honored to have one of them among us today.
All of these folks have broken barriers in some way or another. They’ve transformed lives, and they’ve changed the way that we look at the world. And they’re all here today for one simple reason — and that’s to share the lessons that they’ve learned from their remarkable lives and experiences with all of you young people, all of whom have your own hopes and dreams and ambitions, all your own. We hope that you do. We hope that you’re dreaming really big.
They’re here because — we’re all here because we believe in you. It is as simple as that. We are believing in you so deeply. We believe that you all have something really special to offer, and because we all see a little bit of ourselves in you. That’s why I do this, because when I look at you, I see me. I was the same kid you all were. I won’t give you numbers or ages or anything, but it was a little while ago.
The important thing to know is that these folks weren’t always the leaders that you see today. They weren’t born this way. They didn’t always have fame, and accomplishments, or fancy titles to their name. Many of them come from pretty humble backgrounds, and they’ve never imagined that they’d be where they are today. And again, many of them started out just like you, and it’s important to know that.
What we all know in our lives and through our experiences is that there’s no magic dust that is sprinkled on us that gives us success. There’s no magic to this. There are no shortcuts, there are no quick fixes. None of us was born with the knowledge that we have today, the skills or the talents that we have today. Some, maybe. You’ve got your special people that were just born crazy talented or crazy smart, but it wasn’t me, or the President, for that matter. All these folks here developed those things through hard work.
Governor Granholm wasn’t born knowing how to run a state; probably never thought she’d be doing it. Magic Johnson didn’t know how to always — did you always know how to dribble? (Laughter.) Maybe you did. Maybe you were one of the ones. But you didn’t always know how to run your own business, right? So, Susan Taylor’s magazine didn’t just publish itself — Essence, one of my favorites. These achievements took effort and struggle, late nights and long hours. And all these folks practiced and practiced, and then practiced a little more, to get those promotions, to win those elections, and to hit those notes just right.
When people doubted them, or told them they couldn’t do something, they worked a little harder. When they were scared or worried — and let me tell you, we all have been worried that we just wouldn’t measure up — they all found a way to keep going. When they fell short or failed — and failure is a part of success, it’s a necessary part of success — they didn’t let that defeat them. They let it teach them.
And all along, they found people in their lives to guide them: parents, and grandparents, teachers, coaches, friends who believed in them, who encouraged them and refused to give up on them even when they wanted to give up on themselves.
Cathie Black, who is the CEO of Hearst Magazine, she told us she had a boss who looked after her every step of the way and gave her the good advice that helped her career take off. And then Mayor Bing, your mayor, had a basketball coach, we understand, who was like a second father to him, encouraging him to play even when everyone else said he was too small. You were serious about that, Mayor Bing. Have you seen your mayor? There’s nothing too small about him. And there’s Spike Lee who had a film professor in college who pushed his students as hard as he could, insisting that they shoot their films in just three days and then edit them in two, and he was the one that encouraged Spike to make his first movie.
Unfortunately, too many young people today don’t have that kind of support. They’ve got big dreams and the talent and the drive to fulfill those dreams, but they’ve never been given the chance. They never find someone to guide their path. And the more opportunities they miss out on early in their lives, the harder it becomes to catch up later.
And as First Lady, one of the things I am determined to do — I’m determined to do everything in my power to try to bridge that gap. And I have to tell you, I am incredibly impressed with the work that’s going on right here in Michigan through the Mentor Michigan program that your governor and First Gentleman have worked so hard to promote. By promoting and supporting mentoring organizations and creating partnerships with businesses, schools, non-profits and government, this initiative has more than doubled the number of mentors in Michigan in just five years. That’s astounding.
That’s a trend that I’d like to see all across this country. And that’s why I’ve reached out to young people in our new hometown in D.C. One of the initiatives I’ve worked on since I’ve been First Lady that I’m most proud of is that we’ve created a White House Leadership and Mentoring initiative, matching up White House staffers with young people in Washington, where they get to come to the White House and do special events and following me around on some of my trips in D.C. And I’m working to host mentoring events just like the one we’re doing here today, just like the big rally we did at Wayne State. We want to see this going on around the country where folks like all of you can come together, and share a meal and share your stories.
The idea here is just to — isn’t just to create a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for just a few of you who get to be here. But it’s — the big goal is to encourage more caring adults to step up, and volunteer their time, and to make mentoring a lifelong habit.
And it’s to encourage the mentees, all of you all — and this is important for me, this is what I’m asking back from you — is to take the initiative in seeking out mentors in your own lives. It doesn’t always happen automatically, because the truth is, you can’t hang out with famous folks like these every day, right? This lunch doesn’t happen every day. It may not happen again in your lifetime. But you don’t need it to. Every day of your lives, you’re surrounded by potential mentors. And the best mentors in my life weren’t anybody famous. They were folks that I knew: teachers, parents, neighbors, coaches, you name it. They’re all around. And you have to be willing to reach out to them, and be brave enough to step up to somebody and say, you know what, can I come and see you in your office, can I call you, can I e-mail you?
I know I had to do that. I had to find, snatch my mentors up, and you all need to do the same thing. So I want you to remember, don’t be afraid to ask for help. Don’t think that there’s someone too important or too out of reach to ask for help, because there are so many of us adults, no matter what our titles are, whether we’re living in the White House or living next door, who want to help. And that’s something that I didn’t really know when I was growing up. I was lucky enough to have parents who cared about me, but I was never strong enough to step up to somebody big and say, can I just sit down and meet with you?
So I want you all to practice that today at your tables. Your challenge is to speak up, all right; to talk about yourselves proudly. The toughest thing for you to do — and one of the things I tell my mentees at the White House is that if you can walk into the State Room of the White House and look the First Lady in the eye and say, hello, my name is X and this is who I am, then you can do anything, because nothing will be more scary than that, right?
So practice it. And the more you practice it, the more you’ll get comfortable with it. And it’s that first impression that makes a difference. If you can talk about yourself with confidence, you’re going to turn that light off in somebody’s head, and they’re going to say, whoa, I want to know more about that young person.
And the last thing I want to ask you all to do is to take this experience and use it to bring somebody else along. You know, in every phase of my life, whether I was in high school or Princeton or Harvard or working for the city or working at the hospital, I was always looking for somebody to mentor. I was looking for a way to reach out into my neighborhood and my community and pull somebody else along with me, because I thought, there but for the grace of God go I. I know I could be in a different situation from somebody else. So my job is to bring other people along.
That’s your job, too. It’s not enough that you’re lucky, right? You all are mentors today. You’ve got a cousin, a niece, a neighbor, a nephew. You’ve got somebody in your lives that are watching you today. So start practicing being a mentor, because the one thing it’ll do is it’ll make you act better if you’ve got somebody looking at you, right?
So that’s my ask for you today. I want you all to speak up. I want you to make sure you’re talking about yourselves today at your tables, asking questions. Don’t be shy. And when you leave here, take this experience with you and find your mentors and find the person that you’re going to mentor. Can you all promise me that?
And other than that, just have fun. Breathe. Everyone, breathe, okay. Is there breathing going on? All the mentors, is there breathing at your tables? Okay, let’s shake it off, and we’re ready to have some fun, have some conversation.
All right, you all, thank you for being here. And I am so proud of you all. Thanks so much. (Applause.)
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
AT DCCC DINNER
St. Regis Hotel
New York, New York
6:59 P.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you, everybody! Thank you! (Applause.) Thank you so much. Everybody, please have a seat. It is good to be back in New York City! Love New York City! (Applause.)
I want to thank, first of all, Congressman Chris Van Hollen, who has one of the tougher jobs around. Let’s face it. Whenever you are the chairman of the DCCC, the demands on your time, in addition to being a member of Congress, all your committee assignments, and then you also have to go out there and help campaign for everybody — it is a tough job. And Chris is handling it with unbelievable class. And we are so grateful to him. Thank you, Chris. (Applause.)
Congressman Steve Israel, thank you for the outstanding work that you’ve done as chair of recruiting. To all of the distinguished members of Congress, including the dean of the New York delegation, Charlie Rangel, and everybody else who is here, thank you for not only helping to organize the event tonight, but also for your incredible dedication and courage during the course of the past year and a half.
It is good to be back in New York City, and it is good to be following Nancy Pelosi. (Laughter.) New York is a tough town, but Nancy Pelosi — that’s one tough lady. (Applause.) That is one tough lady. And she’s so elegant, even as she’s ripping your heart out — (laughter) — if you mess with her.
You need to be tough to put up with all the criticism and griping that she deals with on a daily basis. And that’s from the Democrats. (Laughter.) But her toughness -– her extraordinary leadership -– is why she’s not just going to go down in history as the first woman Speaker; she is going to go down as one of the greatest Speakers of all time. She has been unbelievable in her leadership. (Applause.) I’m proud of her.
Now, I also want to thank all of you not just for your financial contributions, but for your time, your energy, your faith that America can move forward in the right direction. Your support has made an incredible difference — because 16 months ago, when we took office, we knew this wouldn’t be easy. At least I hope you knew — because I told you. (Laughter.) If you didn’t know you weren’t paying attention at my inauguration — (laughter.) Remember that? Washington, couple million people, really cold? (Laughter.) We came in here with a whole host of challenges in our inbox -– challenges the likes of which we hadn’t seen in this country for decades.
Abroad, we were confronting a war in Iraq that needed to come to a responsible end, and a war in Afghanistan that demanded greater attention and focus, and a host of new threats and new dangers — and new opportunities — in a new world.
And here at home, we were facing a financial crisis that had the potential to plunge us into another Great Depression. We had a deficit crisis saddling our children with a mountain of debt, an economic crisis that was pounding families and small businesses all across the country — a lot of families who had already endured an awful lot during the previous decade. And even though we didn’t cause these crises, we took the responsibility to end them.
That’s why we asked the American people for the chance to lead in the first place. That’s why Nancy Pelosi and all the members of Congress here — the reason they ran wasn’t to put off problems, but to solve problems. That was the reason I ran for President. And that meant we had to make some tough decisions.
Trust me, when I walked into the door of the Oval Office and found a $1.3 trillion deficit after the previous administration had inherited a surplus, the last thing I wanted to do was spend money on a recovery package, or become involved in the auto industry, or prevent the collapse of Wall Street banks — particularly those whose irresponsibility had helped to cause this crisis. That wasn’t on my campaign to-do list. You don’t remember me campaigning on those items. (Laughter.)
And they certainly weren’t popular. We knew that. You know, sometimes these folks — I listen to these pundits and they’re saying, aw, the President has made this decision and these are unpopular decisions. I’ve got pollsters. (Laughter.) I know when what we’re about to do is politically unpopular. (Laughter.) But what I also knew was that if we wanted to break the back of our recession and get our economy moving again, then the steps we took were absolutely necessary. And while we still have a long road ahead of us, we’re beginning to see signs of progress all across America. All across America. (Applause.)
The economy that was shrinking a year ago — it’s growing today. The economy that was bleeding jobs at a historic pace a year ago — 750,000 jobs a month when I came in — now we’re creating jobs again. Our economic heartbeat keeps growing stronger. These are good things, even if our friends on the other side of the aisle fall all over themselves to argue otherwise.
But here’s the thing: The steady progress we’re seeing — it didn’t happen by accident. We’re starting to see in public opinion surveys that people start thinking that the economy is getting better, but there seems to be a disconnect as to why it’s getting better. The reason the economy is getting better is because Nancy Pelosi and every Democrat here embraced the responsibility to lead. It happened because they embraced the responsibility to stand up to special interests, stand up even against the prevailing political winds, stand up for the American people’s interests. It happened because we embraced the responsibility to finally take on problems that Washington had talked about for years, sometimes decades, and put off over and over and over again. That’s what this Congress has been doing.
And it hasn’t been easy. These guys have taken more tough votes in the last 16 months than Congress had taken in the previous 16 years. (Applause.) And that’s the truth.
Think about it. For years, Washington had talked about how credit card companies were ripping off American families. Well, this was the Congress that passed the Credit Card Bill of Rights. (Applause.) For years — for years, Washington talked about protecting our kids from tobacco companies. This was the Congress that stepped up and delivered and put a stop to those practices.
For years, Washington had talked about making sure our veterans got the care and benefits that was promised them. This was the Congress that increased funding for our veterans by more than we had done in a generation, and guaranteed that it would arrive on time every year. (Applause.)
For years, Washington talked about fixing the student loan system that favored financial interests over students and families. This was the Congress that finally made it happen. Over $60 billion of funding that is now going to students to help them go to school happened because of the courageous votes that were taken by these members of Congress.
For years, Washington talked about the need to transition to a clean and independent energy future. This was the Congress that made the biggest investment in clean energy in our history. and that investment is already reopening factories and rehiring workers to build wind turbines and solar panels, and effectively create an advanced battery industry right here in America.
And for nearly half — for nearly a century, we had been talking about the need for health insurance reform in America. And this was the Congress that delivered it for the American people. (Applause.)
So I want everyone in this room to be clear — I’m glad I got pictures with you, it was nice to smooze with you a little bit, but the bottom line is, is that I could not have gotten done any of the things we got done had it not been for this team right here. And they did it despite all the gridlock, despite all the partisanship. This has been one of the most productive legislative sessions in history — in the midst of crisis.
If we just stopped now -– in fact, if we had stopped last year — it would have already been one of the most productive legislative sessions in history. And that’s tempting, stopping. (Laughter.) Everybody is kind of pooped, but — particularly because it would have been nice to get a little help from the other side of the aisle, just once in a while. You would have thought at a time of historic crisis that Republican leaders would have been more willing to help us find a way out of this mess — particularly since they created the mess. (Laughter and applause.)
We all have a stake in cleaning it up. We’re not Democrats or Republicans first –- we’re Americans first. I tell the story about — you know sometimes you got a feeling Nancy and I are — Charlie and Steve, everybody — Jerry, we’re — we got our mops and our brooms out, we’re cleaning stuff out, and they’re sitting there saying, “Hold the broom better.” (Laughter.) “That’s not how you mop.” (Laughter.) Don’t tell me how to mop. Pick up a mop! (Laughter.) Do some work on behalf of the American people to solve some of these problems. ((Laughter and applause.)
But that wasn’t their strategy; it was not their strategy from day one. And I’m not making this up. This is public record. They’ve said in interviews: We made a political decision. We stood nothing to gain from cooperating. We knew things were going to be bad. And we figured, if we didn’t do anything and if it didn’t work out so well, maybe the other side would take the blame.
They’ve done their best to gum up the works; to make things look broken; to say no to every single thing. That was the attitude they had when it came to pulling our economy out of a crisis. That was the attitude they had when it came to making sure that families and businesses finally got the security of health care in this country. That’s been the attitude on any number of challenges that we faced. Their basic attitude has been: “If the Democrats lose, we win.”
So after they drove the car into the ditch, made it as difficult as possible for us to pull it back, now they want the keys back. (Laughter.) No! (Laughter and applause.) You can’t drive! (Applause.) We don’t want to have to go back into the ditch! We just got the car out! (Applause.) We just got the car out! (Laughter.)
Look, I just came from Buffalo. I spent some time with workers and families; they’re still facing very tough economic times. A couple weeks ago, I spent time with folks in the Midwest. I’ve been trying to make it a habit of getting out of Washington as often as the job allows. And when I do, you know, what’s fascinating, none of the people you meet — and I’m not just seeing folks who have signed up to see me. We’re stopping in diners, and we’re talking to folks on the streets and on the farm — they don’t care which party puts points on the board. They’re not talking about who’s positioned better for November. They’re not keeping track of what’s going on with the red team and the blue team. They’re not watching cable network news. (Laughter.) They just want to know that somebody is looking out for them in Washington, that somebody is working hard. They want to see progress. They expect us to respond to our challenges with the same sense of urgency that they feel in their own lives. That’s all they’re looking for. They want to know that we’re trying hard and that we’ve got their interests in mind.
And what I believe is when we win — we win when the American people win; that good policy is good politics. People wonder sometimes why it is that I stay calm. I stay calm because if I feel like I’m making the best decision possible that’s good for the American people, then ultimately the American people are going to figure that out. And Nancy Pelosi and this caucus has the same attitude. Because if they didn’t we would have made a whole bunch of different decisions.
And the American people are going to have a clear choice when they head to the polls in November. They’re going to have a choice about whether they want somebody who has the courage to stand up in a time of need, or would prefer somebody who sits on the sidelines and tries to cast blame. They’re going to have a choice about whether you’re going to make decisions that strengthen our country for the long term –- or that just serve your short-term political purposes. The American people will have a choice about whether or not we’re going to keep rebuilding America that is stronger and more prosperous and more competitive than before –- and that means making some tough choices now for our children and our grandchildren — or going back to the policies that got us into this mess in the first place.
And I am proud that for the past year and a half, under the leadership of the folks sitting in this room, the Democratic Party has taken the right path. It’s cut taxes for 95 percent of America’s working families; cut taxes for small businesses; for making college more affordable; for families buying their first home. Not just to reward those at the top, but instead to give a little bit of lift to folks on the bottom at a time when they were really in trouble. That’s what Democrats were for. And the other side was against it.
We took on the special interests and fixed the broken student loan system that gave tens of billions of dollars to financial systems, unnecessary middlemen, and we put that money to work helping students all across America go to college and get the skills they need to win the race in this 21st century economy.
That’s what Democrats are for. You know what? The other side, it was against it. We thought it was unfair to deny health insurance to Americans with preexisting conditions. We thought it was wrong to let hardworking families go bankrupt because somebody in their family gets sick. And so we did something about it that no Congress had done in American history. That’s what we were for. And the other side was against it.
We fought for the principle that all of us ought to have a sense of security when it comes to our health care. And I truly believe that, and so does everybody in this room. (Applause.) And now they are talking about repealing it if they take over in November. They’d actually tell uninsured Americans with preexisting conditions, you know what, it’s a mistake to ensure that you get coverage. They’d tell seniors, you know what, give back that help that you’re getting when it comes to paying for your prescription drugs. They’d tell millions of small business owners who today qualify for new tax credits to help them cover their workers, and the millions of young Americans who can now stay on their parents’ plan until they turn 26 years old, you know what, tough luck –- you’re on your own.
I’m not going to let that happen. Nancy is not going to let that happen. And I’m confident, as long as we’re able to get our message out, with your help, the American people aren’t going to let that happen.
I’m not saying Democrats and Republicans ought to agree on everything. There are going to be some things we don’t see eye-to-eye on, and a good, serious debate is good for our democracy. That’s what this is all about. But the fact is the problems that we face are too great for us to be playing politics all the time. And all of us, Democrats and Republicans, need to come together to solve problems. And that is what Nancy Pelosi and the Democratic Caucus has done. They have not played politics. (Applause.)
And now — and frankly, that is not always politically convenient. We’re engaged in a debate right now about common-sense Wall Street reform. I was in Wall Street just a few weeks ago, and I said I believe in the power of the free market. I believe in a strong financial system. When it’s working right, our financial institutions are an enormous source of strength and dynamism in our economy. It helps families buy homes, and businesses grow, and ideas to take flight. There are a lot of good people who work in the financial industry who do things the right way. It’s in our best interest to make sure those firms are strong and healthy.
But when these institutions operate irresponsibly, they don’t just threaten themselves. As we’ve seen, they threaten the entire economy, along with the dreams of millions of Americans who worked so hard to make a life for themselves.
So we need reform that would ensure they operate in a honest, fair, open way. And we’ll see who can stand up to the lobbyists and special interests who are trying to weaken this reform — even as we speak. We’ll see who wants to get it done. Because all of us -– Democrats and Republicans -– have a responsibility to make sure the American people don’t have to endure a crisis like this ever again.
All of us are going to have to tackle our exploding deficits. And I got to say, Washington has got a short-term memory, so people don’t remember that it wasn’t that long ago under a Democratic President that America enjoyed the hard-won budget surpluses. And yet, it only took a few years of Republican Congresses, these same budget hawks being in charge, to turn that surplus into a massive deficit — passing a tax cut for the richest Americans, creating an expensive new entitlement program, and authorizing two wars without paying for a single dime of it. And now suddenly we’re in charge, and they say, hey, where did this deficit come from? (Laughter.)
Well, we will help clean up that mess, too. That’s why I’ve gone through our budget line-by-line to cut what we don’t need, so we can pay for what we do need. That’s why I set up a bipartisan fiscal commission to look at our structural deficit, our long-term deficit, set a clear goal to cut our deficit in half over the next three years — because I don’t want to kick our problems down the road. I don’t want our children to have to deal with it.
And that’s what all this comes down to. That’s what Democrats have been about over the course of this last year and a half: What kind of future are we going to build and leave for the next generation? I know this is a party fundraiser, this may be blasphemy to say so, but all of us has to ask ourselves one question: What is more important? Doing what is easy to get through the next election, or doing what’s right for the next generation?
And the Democratic Party this year has answered that question. We chose to lead. We chose to make tough decisions. We chose not to spend all our time looking at the polls.
I remember the conversation Nancy and I had about health care at the beginning of the debate. And I told her, I said, I want to get this done even if it meant that I was going to be a one-term President. I think it’s that important. And Nancy — when everybody got all nervous after Massachusetts, she said, you know what, we’re still going to get it done. (Applause.)
And we did what was necessary to rescue our economy. (Applause.) We’ve done what’s necessary to resuscitate our economy and to rebuild it on a new foundation of growth, and to turn this country around and point it in the right direction.
And, yes, we’re going to take some lumps. But we can now see the contours of what’s a more prosperous, more secure future for America; where new jobs and new industries in areas like clean energy and clean tech come back to within our borders. And you’ve got a highly trained, highly educated workforce that can compete for those jobs with any other workers in the world; and where more families and businesses are free to chase their dreams backed up by the security of health care; and where the future of the American Dream is once again within the reach of every American; and we’ve got a government that works and is competent, and has restored science to its rightful place and believes in civil liberties. (Applause.) And we have some folks on the Supreme Court who believe in the Constitution. (Applause.)
That is the future that is within our sight. We’ve gone through a stormy time. And I know sometimes it’s made you guys a little seasick — (laughter) — but right now the waters are calm — right there at the horizon, we can see our destination. So now is not the time to lose heart. Now is not the time to get complacent. Now is the time to remind ourselves of what America is all about, and make sure we are working as hard as we can to return Democrats to the House of Representatives. (Applause.)
Thank you very much, everybody. (Applause.) God bless you. Thank you. (Applause.)
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
ON THE ECONOMY
Industrial Support, Inc.
Buffalo, New York
2:22 P.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you, everybody. Hello, hello, hello! Hey! (Applause.) It’s good to be in Buffalo. Everybody please have a seat, have a seat. Get comfortable.
I’m sorry for the delay. This was a secret — I only told Dave, but then I thought I probably should tell all of you that I had to go out and try those wings before I came out. (Applause.) So if you see some of the sauce, that’s why. And I can vouch for Duff’s crispy medium — that’s what I had. (Applause.) Very nice. Outstanding.
A couple of acknowledgments I want to make. First of all, Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown is here. Where is he? Byron, stand up. (Applause.) Congresswoman Louise Slaughter is here. (Applause.) Your own congressman from this district, Brian Higgins is here. (Applause.) Congressman Chris Lee is here. (Applause.) And I brought one of my outstanding members of my Cabinet who is working hard every day with businesses like this to help grow the economy — Karen Mills, my Small Business Administrator is here. Please give her a big round of applause. (Applause.)
So this is my first visit to western New York as President. And so it is just a thrill to be here. I’m glad that it’s not snowing. Thank you. (Laughter.) Last Sunday, right? You guys still got snow? Sheesh. (Laughter.) I thought Chicago was bad. This is worse.
But I’m really thrilled to be here, partly because it gives me a chance to get out of Washington. And I’ve been trying to make a habit of that. About once a week or so I try to take a trip outside of Washington. Now, don’t get me wrong, Washington is a beautiful city. I’ve got a really nice office. (Laughter.) And I live above the store, so the commute is really short. (Laughter.)
But you’ve heard of being in the bubble. When you’re in Washington, sometimes it’s just hard to hear anything else except the clamor of politics. And that clamor can drown out the voices of the American people. So I’m not going to give a long speech today. I actually want to take some time to take a few questions from you, hear about your concerns, your hopes, what opportunities you see out there.
But before I do, I do want to say a few words about the thing that I know is in the front and center of everybody’s mind, and that’s the state of our economy.
Now, I don’t need to tell all of you that we’re still emerging from one of the worst recessions in our history. And it’s been tough everywhere, but cities like Buffalo have been especially hard hit. Even before the most recent downturn began -– years before –- you were seeing jobs disappear and factories shut their doors. Costs, family expenses went up, but wages — they flatlined, they didn’t go up. And that’s tough on families, and that’s devastating on communities.
So breaking our economic freefall was job number one when I took office. I want everybody to remember, because sometimes we’ve got a selective memory here — when I took office, we were losing 750,000 jobs a month. Our economy had shrunk the quarter I came in 6 percent. Experts of all political stripes were warning of another Great Depression. That wasn’t that long ago, but it’s easy to forget just how fragile things are and how scared people were. And so we had to take immediate steps to stop the crisis. And some of those steps weren’t particularly popular.
I had just inherited a $1.3 trillion deficit from the previous administration, so the last thing I wanted to do was to spend money on a recovery package, or help the American auto industry keep its doors open, or prevent the collapse of Wall Street banks whose irresponsibility had helped cause this crisis. But what I knew was if I didn’t act boldly and I didn’t act quickly, if we didn’t defy the politics of the moment and do what was necessary, we could have risked an even greater disaster.
And the other thing we weren’t going to do is give in to the partisan posturing in Washington -– because half the time up there all everybody is worried about is, what does the poll say, and making calculations based on what’s good for the next election instead of what is good for the next generation.
And, frankly, I had one side of the aisle just sit on the sidelines as the crisis unfolded. And if we had taken that position, just thinking about what was good for my politics, millions more Americans would have lost their jobs and their businesses and their homes.
But, Buffalo, I did not run for President to preside over America’s decline. I didn’t run for President to watch the erosion of the middle class continue. I ran for President to keep the American Dream alive in our time, for our kids, and our grandkids, the next generation.
So we met our responsibilities — we did what the moment required. And I won’t stand here and pretend that we’ve climbed all the way out of the hole. There are too many folks right here in Buffalo and all across the country who are still hurting.
I read too many letters each night from folks who are still hurting, they’re still out of work, so I know things are still tough out there for a lot of folks. And, you know, economists have all kinds of fancy formulas and mathematical equations to measure the exact moment that the recession ended. And it’s great that the stock market has bounced back, but if you’re still looking for a job out there, it’s still a recession. If you can’t pay your bills or your mortgage, it’s still a recession. No matter what the economists say, it’s not a real recovery until people feel it in their own lives, until Americans who want work can find it, and until families can afford to pay their bills and send their kids to college.
So that’s what we’re working for. That’s our goal. But I want to just say to Buffalo — I want to say to all of you and I want to say to America, we can say beyond a shadow of a doubt, today we are headed in the right direction. We are headed in the right direction. (Applause.)
All those tough steps we took, they’re working. Despite all the naysayers who were predicting failure a year ago, our economy is growing again. Last month we had the strongest job growth that we’d seen in years. And by the way, almost all of it was in the private sector, and a bunch of it was manufacturing. So this month was better than last month. Next month is going to be stronger than this month. And next year is going to be better than this year. Last month we gained 290,000 jobs — that was the largest increase in four years. We’ve now gained jobs four months in a row right here in the United States. (Applause.) Last month brought the largest increase in manufacturing employment since 1998 — the strongest growth in manufacturing in 12 years — and that’s a good sign for companies like this one.
I was talking to Dave. Dave was telling me about the rebound in orders that we’ve seen here, right here at this company. The question is now, how do we keep that momentum going? How do we keep adding more and more jobs?
And we know that government has to play a role in meeting this goal, but we also know that role is limited. Government is not the true engine of job creation and economic growth in this country; businesses are, especially small businesses like this one.
So America’s small business owners — people like Dave Sullivan — have always been the backbone of America’s economy. These entrepreneurial pioneers, they embody the spirit of possibility — tireless work ethic; simple hope for something better that lies at the heart of the American ideal. These are the men and women willing to take a chance on their dream. They’ve got good ideas and then they’ve got the drive to follow through. They’ve started mom-and-pop stores and they’ve got garages they open up and they start tinkering and suddenly that leads to some of America’s biggest, most successful businesses. Ordinary Americans with a dream to start their own business, they create most of the jobs that keep our workers employed. In fact, over the past decade and a half, America’s small businesses have created 65 percent of all new jobs in this country.
Now, the problem is, is that our small businesses have also been some of the hardest hit by this recession. From the middle of 2007 through the end of 2008, small businesses lost 2.4 million jobs. And because banks shrunk from lending in the midst of the financial crisis, it’s been difficult for entrepreneurs to take out the loans that they need to start a business. And for those who do own a small business, it’s difficult to finance inventories and make payroll, or expand if things are going well.
So government can’t create jobs, but it can create the conditions for small businesses to grow and thrive and hire more workers. Government can’t guarantee a company’s success, but it can knock down the barriers that prevent small business owners from getting loans or investing in the future. And that’s exactly what we’ve been doing.
When Dave wanted to expand this company last year, he received a loan from the Small Business Administration that was part of the Recovery Act, part of the stimulus. It’s a loan that allowed him to pay the bills and purchase new equipment. Last fall he was even able to increase his workforce. And today, he feels optimistic that he’ll be able to hire more workers in the near future.
Bill Puglisi and his brother Rick are also here with us today. Where are Bill and Rick? Where are they? There they are right there. All right. They run — (applause) — good to see you guys. They run a small business called Imperial Textile. And thanks to the SBA loan that they received, they didn’t have to lay any workers off last year. In fact, they were able — they were even able to purchase a new building. Is that right? So today they’re starting to look to hire again. You guys can sit down. (Laughter.)
All across America, we’ve taken steps like these to help companies grow and add jobs. Last year we enacted seven tax cuts for America’s small businesses, as well as what we call the Making Work Pay tax credit that goes to the vast majority of small business owners. So, so far, the Recovery Act has supported over 63,000 loans to small businesses -– that’s more than $26 billion in new lending. More than 1,200 banks and credit unions that had stopped issuing SBA loans when the financial crisis hit are lending again today. More than $7.5 billion in federal Recovery Act contracts are now going to small businesses.
Right now, a series of additional tax incentives and other steps to promote hiring are going to take effect. Because of a bill that I signed into law a few weeks ago, businesses are now eligible for tax cuts for hiring unemployed workers. Companies are able to write off more of their investments in new equipment. And as part of health care reform, 4 million small businesses recently received a postcard in their mailbox telling them that they could be eligible for a health care tax cut this year. That’s worth maybe tens of thousands of dollars for some companies. And it’s going to provide welcome relief to small business owners, who too often have to choose between health care and hiring.
When we stopped over at Duff’s to get our wings, one of the customers there was a woman who was a small business owner. She had a courier service. And I asked her, “What’s the biggest challenge you’ve got?” She said, “Trying to keep up health care for me and my workers.” And she was appreciative that she’s going to get a 35 percent tax break on her health care costs this year. (Applause.) And I told her that — and over the next several years we’re setting an exchange where she, as a small business owner, is going to be able to buy into a big pool that all these members of Congress are a part of, so with millions of members, that’s going to give her more leverage with the insurance companies; that’s going to drive down her costs. She offered me to have some of her wings as a consequence. (Laughter.) Said I had already put in an order.
So all these steps have helped. They’re going to help. But I believe we’ve got to do even more to give our small businesses a boost. And maybe the single most important thing we can do right now is to help ensure that creditworthy small business owners can get the capital that they need.
So in my State of the Union address, I called for a $30 billion small business lending fund that would help increase the flow of credit to small companies that were hit hard by the decline in lending that followed the financial crisis. And last week, I sent Congress this legislation, which now includes a new state small business credit initiative -– an initiative that will help expand lending for small businesses and manufacturers at a time when budget shortfalls are leading a lot of states to cut back on vitally important lending programs. And I’ve also asked Congress to work with us to extend and enhance SBA programs that have helped small business owners get loans so they can create more jobs.
That’s our small business agenda. That’s our jobs agenda — empowering small businesses so they can hire. I hear a lot of noise from some of our friends out there that say, this is nothing more than “big government.” I want everybody here to understand, I don’t — I personally don’t think that giving tax cuts to businesses is big government. I don’t understand how helping businesses get loans so they can grow and hire more workers is big government.
I’m not interested in another debate about big government versus small government. I care about whether government is meeting its responsibilities to the people it represents. And I want to unleash the great power of our economy, so Americans who are looking for work can find it. And I’m hopeful that our small business agenda doesn’t fall victim to the same partisanship that we’ve seen over the last year. Helping businesses to create jobs should be something that both parties can agree to.
Now, since this company was founded more than a decade ago, you’ve done all that’s asked of Americans who hope to pursue the dream of owning their own business. I mean, you can just tell Dave’s just got a lot of energy. You can tell the guy loves his business, he loves his employees. And what he did was he took a risk on a good idea, and then he worked hard for that success.
He’s met his responsibilities to his employees and to his customers. Millions of small business owners and workers across the country have made those same responsibilities. And now it’s time that the responsibility — that same responsibility, that same success, is rewarded with the opportunity to keep growing, keep hiring, keep contributing to the success of your communities and your country. That’s the opportunity that we’re providing today. That’s the opportunity I will continue to fight for as your President in the weeks and the months ahead.
I want everybody here to know, in Buffalo and all across the country, we are on a course that is working. This company makes me want to double down and work even harder, because I’m absolutely confident that if we continue to take responsibility to invest in our future that our brightest days are still ahead of us.
Thank you very much, everybody. Thank you. Thank you. So — thank you. (Applause.)
Thank you, guys. Everybody can have a seat. So I’ve got time for a couple of questions. Yankees fan, right here — well, hold on a second. We got a mic so everybody can hear you, even though I can tell you’ve got a decent voice.
Introduce yourself, sir.
Q Frank Caparazzo (ph), Depew, New York.
THE PRESIDENT: Good to see you.
Q Good to see you, sir. My question is, during your term of office, will Buffalo see the transit system improvement for this country arrive here in Buffalo?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, it’s a great question. And I know that the issue of infrastructure and transit transportation is big here, but it’s big all across the country. The Recovery Act that we put forward had one of the biggest investments in infrastructure since Eisenhower started the Interstate Highway System. But the backlog of work and projects that need to be done is so big that it’s going to be a multiyear process that we’ve got to embark on.
My hope is that Democrats and Republicans working together are going to be able to find a long-term financing mechanism, and that we start investing not just in highways, but also in mass transit, high-speed rail, and especially along the Eastern Corridor and, say, where I’m from, Chicago, where you’ve got Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Indianapolis — you’ve got all these cities that are pretty close by, that are a half-hour, 45-minute flight, but if you had a high-speed rail system, a lot of people would end up using the rail system instead of flying. It would be more convenient for a lot of folks, and you wouldn’t have to take off your shoes. (Laughter.)
It would be good for businesses, because if we’re building infrastructure, that means companies like Dave potentially have new sources of business. It would be good for our environment, because one of the things, obviously, that we have to recognize is, is that no matter what we do, oil prices are going to be going up over the long term. I mean, year to year, they may vary. Sometimes it’s four bucks a gallon at the pump, sometimes it drops back down to two and a half.
You’re not always clear what’s going on, but the long-term trend is just because countries like China — they’re starting to buy cars and countries like India are starting to buy cars, and so the demand on petroleum and fossil fuels are going to be greater and greater — we’ve got to get a first-class transit system. And we don’t have one right now. We used to be at the top. Now you’ve got China — they’re building multiple high-speed rail lines all across the country, leaving us behind.
But it’s not just transit. It’s our ports, our airports, our sewer systems, our water systems. We’re going to have to figure out how do we make those kinds of long-term investments, but do so in a way that doesn’t increase our deficit, and that’s going to be a challenge, but I think it’s going to be a priority.
Good question. (Applause.) And Yankees are doing pretty good right now, but you know I’m a White Sox fan, and we’re going to come after you. (Laughter.) We got started a little slow.
All right, I’m going to go boy, girl, boy, girl here. I want to make sure that folks know I’m fair.
Okay, hold on a second. Let’s get the mic.
Q Thank you very much, Mr. President. About a month ago, Senator Hatch visited Buffalo, and it was right after the health care bill was passed, and he called it the Europeanization of America, using it as a derogatory term. What do you make of this?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, you know, first of all, Orrin Hatch is a gentleman. He was just visiting with me in the Oval Office, and I enjoy his company. This is sort of a reporter question, though, isn’t it? This is a budding reporter. (Laughter.)
There’s been a lot of rhetoric floating around on this health care bill, so I’ll just explain very simply what’s in the bill, and then you can make your own judgments instead of us slapping labels on it. Here’s what the health care bill does.
Number one, it’s an insurance reform bill. And some of these insurance reforms are starting to take effect this year. So, for example, one of the reforms ensures that all insurance companies have to let you keep your child on your health insurance up until 26 years old, because, as a lot of you know, when you leave college, sometimes getting that first job, you may not be able to get health insurance right away. And so we want to be able to make sure that those young people can stay insured until they get a job that has health insurance.
Another insurance reform is making sure that insurance companies can’t drop you when you get sick, which is a practice, unfortunately, that happens to a lot of people.
Another insurance reform is making sure that you don’t find yourself after you’ve gotten sick having hit what’s called the lifetime limit, where, heaven forbid, you’ve got an illness that is really expensive and you missed the fine print that said at a certain point the insurance companies stop paying. And so you go bankrupt anyway even though you’ve been paying premiums all these years.
So a big chunk of health care reform is just insurance reform. That’s number one.
Number two is what I mentioned already, which is tax credits to small businesses so that they can afford to either keep their employees’ health insurance or they can start providing health insurance to employees that don’t already have it. And for most small businesses, they’re going to get up to 35 percent tax break on their health insurance bills. And if you talk to small businesses, that’s a big deal.
Number three, for people who don’t have health insurance — and by the way, the majority of people who don’t have health insurance are working people. Really poor folks who don’t work, they’re on Medicaid. They already have health insurance. It’s working families and middle-class families and a lot of sole proprietors and small business owners who don’t have health insurance.
So what we’re saying to them is, we are going to set up an exchange, which is basically a marketplace where you can buy your health insurance through this big exchange, and you’ll be part of a big pool, which gives you better negotiating power with the insurance companies. That’ll drive down your premiums.
And if even with a better rate you still can’t afford it, we are going to give you a tax credit to help you afford it. And finally — now, there are all kinds of other aspects of it in terms of encouraging prevention and funding prevention, but the other big piece of this is we want to work through the Medicare and the Medicaid system to figure out how do we start controlling costs. Because even if you tell the insurance companies, you have to insure people with preexisting conditions, and you can’t drop people when they get sick, and even if you allow people to buy through this exchange so it drives down their costs, if the underlying costs of health care keep on going up, then our costs are still going to go up. And so we’ve got to try to encourage the overall health care system to be smarter and use its money more effectively.
And I’ll just give you one example that probably a lot of you have. Have you ever noticed that the doctor’s office is the only place where you still have to fill out forms like three, four times in a row? Well, part of it is just because every other part of our economy is computerized. But somehow, that’s not true in our health care system.
So what we want to do, for example, is provide the incentives for hospitals and doctors and so forth to get electronic medical records. And we want to tell the doctors, you know what, instead of us reimbursing you every time you take a test so you end up going to a — because of something wrong, you go to the doctor. You get one test, then he sends you to the specialist — you get another test. Then you go to the hospital — you get a third test. We want to — we’re going to pay you for one test and then e-mail it to everybody else. Those are the kinds of things that help to save money over the long term.
Now, we’ve got to try a bunch of different things in order for us to save money, but that is our basic approach.
So here’s the bottom line to your question. If you’ve got health insurance that you’re happy with, you’re going to keep it. You don’t have to do anything. The only thing that you’re getting is the insurance company can’t drop you if, for example, your child turns out to have a chronic condition. So it’s giving you more security. If you don’t have health insurance, we’re building off the free market, off the existing system of private employer-based insurance, and we’re saying this is going to give you a chance to get health insurance that’s a little bit cheaper.
I don’t know what that’s called. I just think it’s a good idea. All right? (Applause.)
Okay, the gentleman here had a question.
Q I’m going to cheat with a two-part question here. What, if anything, I guess other than political talk, is being done to eliminate the alternative minimum tax? And what’s the argument, if any, to just completely do away with the IRS and have a flat tax that’s equitable for everyone?
THE PRESIDENT: For those of you who don’t know, the alternative minimum tax is something that was instituted a while ago. And basically what happens is — the original concept was that people were using all these loopholes, and so some of the wealthiest Americans were paying no taxes. And so the idea was, you know what, you get all these deductions, and as long as you’re not abusing them for your home or your business expenses, what have you, you can take these itemized deductions. But if at a certain point it leads — somebody is making a million dollars a year to pay no taxes at all, that’s a problem. So we’re going to have this alternative way of calculating your taxes to make sure that you at least pay the same thing as your secretary does, or your receptionist does — a portion of your taxes.
Here’s the problem: They didn’t index it, meaning that they didn’t make sure that the amount got adjusted each year so that it would take into account inflation. And so each year what’s happened is, as inflation goes up — $250,000 today obviously buys — doesn’t buy the same thing as it bought 20 or 30 years ago — and so more and more families, first in the upper middle class but starting to creep into the middle class, are being affected by this alternative minimum tax.
To eliminate it, though, would create this huge hole in the budget. So what happens is each year Congress slaps on what’s called a patch to make sure that it doesn’t affect too many middle-class people. And so they appropriate $50 billion a year at a time to close the hole. That was by the way, part of the Recovery Act this year was, $70 billion of the Recovery Act was just designed to make sure that the AMT didn’t affect more people. But I think the point you’re making is, why aren’t we just solving this over the long term?
Now, that’s true for a whole bunch of things in our tax system. And the truth of the matter is, is that we’re going to have to spend the next couple of years making some very hard decisions in terms of getting our deficit and our debt under control. It’s not going to be any fun. It’s not going to be as painful as it will be if we put it off. But it’s still going to be a little bit uncomfortable. It’s like going through the family budget — you know, you started getting too many things you couldn’t afford, and then you’re going to start making some decisions.
What I’ve done is I’ve put together a fiscal commission made up of Democrats and Republicans, as well as private sector folks so that we got some objective people on it. It’s chaired by a former senator, Alan Simpson, and Clinton’s former chief of staff, Erskine Bowles.
And their job is to report back to me and to Congress over the next — in the next five, six months, to give us a package of solutions to start getting the deficit more effectively under control.
One of the things I think is going to be tax reform that they’ll recommend. And that should include simplification, and it’s got to make sure that it’s more fair.
The main argument, and the last point I’ll make on this, on the fair tax, the main argument that people make against the fair tax is right now we’ve got a progressive income tax. I made a lot of money last year because my book sold a lot, and so I wrote a really big check to Uncle Sam. My rate was higher than somebody who made $40,000 a year. So we’ve got a progressive income tax, meaning that the more you make the higher your tax rate goes, up until a certain amount.
Now, if you have a flat tax and everybody is — let’s say everybody was — had a — was paying 10 percent. That means Warren Buffett is paying 10 percent. It means the construction worker is paying 10 percent. It means somebody who has got a minimum-wage job is paying 10 percent. And the question is does that 10 percent take a bigger bite out of the cashier at the supermarket than it does out of Warren Buffett? Because she is paying more of her income in food and rent and just basic necessities, and so does it make sense for Warren Buffett to be paying a little bit more?
In order to have a flat tax that was revenue-neutral, that didn’t add to the deficit, it’d have to be a pretty substantial tax, but it would mean a huge tax break for Warren Buffett. And so the question is, is there a way of achieving simplification, but still having some element of progressivity and some element of fairness in the tax system? That’s part of what makes it complicated.
I’ll be honest with you though, a lot of the complications in the IRS tax code, it just has to do with lobbying in Washington. And that aspect of it we’ve just got to eliminate. We’ve got to kind of clean house. We’ve got to take out a house and just eliminate a lot of these tax loopholes that are out there. (Applause.) And I think we can do that.
All right, young lady right there.
Q Mr. President, thank you for your leadership. My name is Sandra Rice, and I’m the President and CEO of SLR Contracting, a service company in Buffalo. We’re general contractors. And I’m an 8(a) graduate of the SBA program. Thank you for bringing Ms. Mills with you today.
My question is for small businesses. Besides the tax cuts and the health care reform, is your administration looking to allocate any monies or any resources to the education for small business owners? Because it’s so important that we have the tools to become profitable businesses and also effective businesses, but education I believe is a key component — in addition to all of the wonderful things that your administration is doing now.
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think it’s a great question. Let me break up the question in two parts. Number one is education for people who either want to start a business or have already started a business — because even if you’ve got a great idea, if you haven’t started a business before you might make mistakes, and it would be helpful if somebody was able to kind of show you the ropes. So part of what we want to do is to make sure that the SBA is providing effective technical training and help and advice to small businesses — even if they’ve already been pretty successful, maybe in order — they want to take it to the next level.
And Karen I think can share with you a whole host of technical assistance programs that the SBA has tried to set up — on inventory controls and marketing and a whole host of other issues.
One of the things that — and I’ve talked to Karen about this — one of the things I want to do, though, is to get some of those good programs out into the community and a little more proactive. Because sometimes — all federal government agencies, they just kind of sit behind a desk waiting for you to find them. And I want them to find you. I want them to be going out and canvassing businesses and saying, you know what, here’s what SBA can do for you. And then you can make a decision, is this something that would be helpful to you or not.
Now, the other issue, though, has to do with just our education system generally. I have to tell you that the economy is growing and we are moving, but if we are not able to train our people effectively over the next 10, 20, 30, 50 years, we will fall behind.
We used to have — we used to have the best education system in the world, bar none. The truth of the matter is, is that these days we can’t really make that claim. We still have the best universities in the world. We’ve still got some of the best schools in the world. But if you look at our young people’s average scores on math, on science, the critical subjects that are going to be key in order for us to be at the cutting edge technologically, we’re kind of in the middle. In some cases we’re kind of down at the bottom of the pack when it comes to developed countries, advanced countries.
And some of this is just numbers. I mean, look, we still produce more engineers per capita than China does. But China has over a billion people. So they can produce so much more, in terms of engineers, Ph.D.s, computer scientists than we can. We’ve got to keep up. We’ve got to work.
That’s why we’ve initiated — one of my top priorities as President has been to make sure that we’re initiating education reform from top to bottom. It’s not just money. So what we said to states was, you want some additional help for your schools? First of all, one of the things that the Recovery Act did was it prevented layoffs of teachers, including right here in Buffalo, because we helped plug state budgets and municipal budgets. (Applause.)
But then what we also said was, you want some extra money? Show us that you’ve got a reform plan that’s going to work. Show us that you’re keeping track of what your students are doing, and you’re setting high standards, and you’re making sure those teachers are trained to meet — to help the students meet those standards, and that you’re looking after all children, not just those at the top but those that are struggling as well.
And we call it the Race to the Top. Instead of the race to the bottom, we want a race to the top. You got to show us that you’re building excellence in your school system.
And then at the college level, what we’ve done is we’ve made student loans much more accessible. It used to be that student loans were going through banks and financial intermediaries, and they were taking out billions of dollars in profits. We cut out the middleman. We said, let’s take that extra money and give it directly to students.
And so we’ve hugely expanded Pell Grants, lowered student loan rates, made them more accessible for young people all across Buffalo, all across America. (Applause.)
We’ve focused a lot on community colleges because — I’m looking at these great workers at this company, but if I wanted to get a job right now — I’ll tell you a secret, you wouldn’t want me on one of those machines in there. (Applause.) I’d cut off one of my fingers, and it’d make a mess.
But let’s say I wanted to get a job as a machine operator. Well, if I’m trying to transition into a new career, community colleges are a huge resource for us to be able to train young people to get the jobs that exist right now. And that saves Dave money so that he doesn’t have to train somebody on the job. Dave can hook up with the community college, tell them, I will hire five guys or 10 guys — or he can work with other companies around the area and design a training program so that young people who go through it, they know there’s a job out there when they get it. So we’ve been working a lot and putting more money into community colleges as a bridge.
Here’s the point, though: We’ve got to make sure that our young people are trained and prepared for the future. I know Buffalo is a big hockey town, and I know that Gretzky wasn’t your guy. But Gretzky — they used to say something wonderful about why Gretzky was so good, and it was because he didn’t think about where the puck was, he thought about where the puck was going to be, right? And the same thing is true when it comes to our economy. We’ve got to be thinking, where are the jobs of the future? What are the needs of the future — whether it’s in terms of transit, whether it’s in terms of health care, whether it’s in terms of education, business? What does — where is America going to be 10 years from now, 20 years from now?
We want to have the most efficient, cutting-edge private sector. And we want a government that is lean and mean, but working effectively with you, not wasting your tax dollars but investing in those things that are going to be absolutely necessary for us to be competitive. And if we keep that vision in mind even as we’re making some tough decisions about the budget, even as we’re making tough decisions around how to deal with our deficits, I’m confident that we’re going to be able to come out with a stronger competitive posture, a better future than we’ve ever had before. All right? And that’s going to be true right here in Buffalo as well.
Thank you, everybody. God bless you. (Applause.)
TODAY: Senior Administration Officials Brief on BP Oil Spill Response Legislation
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today at 10:00 AM EDT, senior Administration officials will detail legislation going to Congress that is targeted at strengthening the response to the BP oil spill and recovery efforts underway in the Gulf.
Participating in the on-the-record call are:
· Melody Barnes, Assistant to the President and Director, White House Domestic Policy Council;
· Carol Browner, Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change; and
· Jeff Liebman, Acting Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The President has been clear that BP and any other responsible party will pay for all costs of stopping the spill in the Gulf and cleaning it up. To deal more generally with the harms created by oil spills, the White House is sending legislation to Congress to toughen and update the law surrounding caps on damages. The legislation also would provide important support for the fisheries industry and for workers who lose their jobs as a result of the spill. Additionally, the proposal would give federal agencies additional authorities to respond to disasters like Deepwater.
WHAT: Senior Administration Officials hold conference call on proposed White House legislation related to the oil spill in the Gulf Coast.
WHO: Assistant to the President and Director, White House Domestic Policy Council Melody Barnes, Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Carol Browner and Acting Deputy Director of OMB Jeff Liebman
Prepared by the Joint Information Center
UPDATED May 9, 2010 6 PM
* For a full timeline of the Administration-wide response, visit the White House Blog.
PAST 24 HOURS
Interior Department Announces Reforms to Enhance Oil and Gas Oversight
As part of an ongoing agenda to change the way the Department of the Interior does business, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced a set of reforms that will provide federal inspectors more tools, more resources, more independence, and greater authority to enforce laws and regulations that apply to oil and gas companies operating on the Outer Continental Shelf.
Salazar has also enlisted the National Academy of Engineering to provide a set of fresh eyes on the issues surrounding the Deepwater Horizonincident and an independent, science-based understanding of what happened.
NOAA Modifies Fishing Closed Areas in Gulf; 93 Percent Remains Open
NOAA’s Fisheries Service modified the area closed to fishing in the Gulf of Mexico due to the spill, which will include federal waters seaward of Louisiana state waters in the vicinity of Timbalier Island to waters off Florida’s Choctawhatchee Bay. These changes will leave more than 93 percent of the Gulf’s federal waters open for fishing, and supporting productive fisheries and tourism.
NOAA also will expedite updates to the areas closed to fishing in the Gulf of Mexico, as well as public notice of those changes. The closure process is being improved to cut down on the red tape necessary to modify the boundaries of the closure area. Area boundaries could be modified daily, based on where and how fast the oil spill is moving. NOAA will provide daily updates at http://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov by 12 p.m. EDT.
Scientific Assets Continue to Join the Response
NASA mobilized its remote-sensing assets to help assess the spread and impact of the Deepwater Horizon BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico at the request of U.S. disaster response agencies. NASA has deployed its instrumented research aircraft the Earth Resources-2 (ER-2) to the Gulf. The agency is also making extra satellite observations and conducting additional data processing to assist the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Department of Homeland Security in monitoring the spill.
Top Fisheries Scientist Dispatched
As part of its ongoing efforts to protect consumers, NOAA is sending one of its top fisheries science directors to the Gulf this week to lead its effort to rapidly assess, test and report findings about risks posed to fish in the Gulf of Mexico by contaminants from the BP oil spill and clean-up activities.
NOAA’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NEFSC) Director Nancy Thompson, Ph.D, will head to Pascagoula, Miss., to lead NOAA’s response team. Thompson will work closely with Bonnie Ponwith, Ph.D., the director at the agency’s Southeast Fisheries Science Center, who is leading an intensified effort to monitor and assess the spill’s effects on important species in the Gulf of Mexico.
Asian American and Pacific Islander Community Liaison Dispatched
White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Advisor on Community Engagement Miya Chen is joining the Area Unified Command Center in Robert, La., to assess the immediate needs of the Asian American community.
The Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and NIEHS are monitoring BP and its contractors to ensure that every worker receives necessary training in the worker’s language, as OSHA regulations require.
The National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) is collaborating with BP to provide Vietnamese-language translators and trainers. Vietnamese, Cambodian and Taiwanese translations of the BP Vessels of Opportunity fishing contracts is being provided at the Venice Community Center. BP has hired a local Vietnamese liaison officer and is contracting additional office support and translation.
OSHA Develops Multi-Lingual Worker Guides
OSHA is developing pocket-sized health and safety guides for cleanup workers and volunteers. Guides available in English should be ready by this weekend and guides in Spanish and Vietnamese should be ready for distribution early next week.
Leak Plug Tactic Approved by MMS
MMS approved the methanol injection to prevent hydrate formation in the “top hat” structure. The top hat should be on site by mid-week after modifications are made.
DOD Transports Boom and Equipment from Alaska
Following approval by Secretary of Defense Robert Gates for assistance, several commercial aircraft and numerous C-17 aircraft commenced missions to transport 150,000 feet of BP pollution response boom and approximately 250 short tons of Navy salvage equipment commenced movement from Anchorage, Alaska, to New Orleans.
By the Numbers to Date:
Personnel were quickly deployed and approximately 13,000 are currently responding to protect the shoreline and wildlife.
More than 460 vessels are responding on site, including skimmers, tugs, barges, and recovery vessels to assist in containment and cleanup efforts—in addition to dozens of aircraft, remotely operated vehicles, and multiple mobile offshore drilling units.
Approximately 1.4 million feet of boom (regular and sorbent) have been deployed to contain the spill—and approximately 1.4 million feet are available.
Approximately 3.6 million gallons of an oil-water mix have been recovered.
Approximately 372,000 gallons of dispersant have been deployed. More than 180,000 gallons are available.
14 staging areas have been set up to protect vital shoreline in all potentially affected Gulf Coast states (Biloxi, Miss., Pascagoula, Miss., Pensacola, Fla., Panama City, Fla., Dauphin Island, Ala., Grand Isle, La., Shell Beach, La., Slidell, La., Venice, La., Orange Beach, Al., Theodore, Al., Pass Christian, Ms., Amelia, La., and Cocodrie, La.).
For information about the response effort, visit www.deepwaterhorizonresponse.com.
For specific information about the federal-wide response, visit http://www.whitehouse.gov/deepwater-bp-oil-spill.
To contact the Deepwater Horizon Joint Information Center, call (985) 902-5231.
To volunteer, or to report oiled shoreline, call (866) 448-5816. Volunteer opportunities can also be found here.
To submit your vessel as a vessel of opportunity skimming system, or to submit alternative response technology, services, or products, call 281-366-5511.
To report oiled wildlife, call (866) 557-1401. Messages will be checked hourly.
For information about validated environmental air and water sampling results, visit www.epa.gov/bpspill.
For National Park Service updates about potential park closures, resources at risk, and NPS actions to protect vital park space and wildlife, visithttp://www.nps.gov/aboutus/oil-spill-response.htm.
For daily updates on fishing closures, visit http://sero.nmfs.noaa.gov.
To file a claim, or report spill-related damage, call BP’s helpline at (800) 440-0858. A BP fact sheet with additional information is available here. For those who have already pursued the BP claims process and are not satisfied with BP’s resolution, can call the Coast Guard at (800) 280-7118. More information about what types of damages are eligible for compensation under the Oil Pollution Act as well as guidance on procedures to seek that compensation can be found here.
For information about the response effort, visit www.deepwaterhorizonresponse.com.
UPDATED WITH PHOTO: Statement by the Press Secretary on President Obama’s Call to Oklahoma Governor Henry
“This afternoon, following a briefing from FEMA Administrator Craig Fugate, President Obama called Oklahoma Governor Brad Henry. The President told Governor Henry that his thoughts and prayers were with the people of Oklahoma as they cope with the devastating damage caused by tornadoes and severe storms across the state, and that he wanted to make sure they were getting the support they need from the federal government. He assured the Governor that his Administration would respond swiftly to requests for federal assistance as the state works to rebuild and recover from the storms.”
NOTE: President Barack Obama meets with Federal Emergency Management Agency Administrator Craig Fugate and Cecilia Munoz, Director of Intergovernmental Affairs, in the Oval Office, May 11, 2010, to discuss tornado damage in Oklahoma. To view the photo click HERE. (Credit: Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)
Statement by the President on his call with Prime Minister Cameron of the United Kingdom
Today, I was pleased to call David Cameron to extend my personal congratulations for the successful campaign that he ran and for becoming the new British Prime Minister. As I told the Prime Minister, the United States has no closer friend and ally than the United Kingdom, and I reiterated my deep and personal commitment to the special relationship between our two countries – a bond that has endured for generations and across party lines, and that is essential to the security and prosperity of our two countries, and the world. I look forward to meeting with the Prime Minister at the G8/G20 meetings in June, and Michelle and I invited Prime Minister Cameron and his wife Samantha to visit Washington this summer.
I also send my best wishes to Gordon Brown, and thank him for his friendship and his distinguished service as Prime Minister. He provided strong leadership during challenging times, and I have been grateful for his partnership. This historic election has been closely followed by the American people, and I have no doubt that the ties between our two countries will continue to thrive in the years to come.
Remarks By First Lady Michelle Obama At “Let’s Move” Action Plan Announcement With Cabinet Secretaries
REMARKS BY THE FIRST LADY
AT “LET’S MOVE” ACTION PLAN ANNOUNCEMENT WITH CABINET SECRETARIES
South Court Auditorium
10:40 A.M. EDT
MRS. OBAMA: Thanks, everyone, and thanks, Melody, for that kind introduction, that wonderful summary.
I want to thank Melody in particular for her work with this administration, especially her leadership on this Task Force.
As I said when we announced the Task Force effort, this is going to have to be an administration-wide effort. And I am proud of the way that so many people from so many different areas of the federal government have come together and embraced this challenge, stepped up with a level of commitment and passion that’s really made a difference.
If we — just take a step back for a moment and think about just how much this group has been able to accomplish in such a short period of time. In just a few months, the folks behind me have worked together to put forward a comprehensive plan that draws on everything that we’ve done up to this point and shows us that clear way forward.
That cooperation, enthusiasm and initiative is really what has made this entire effort so successful. And again that’s why we’re here today –- to talk about the action plan they’ve put together to help reverse the epidemic of childhood obesity in this country. We all know that it’s possible. We know we have the tools, we know we have the resources to make this happen. And now, thanks to the work of the Task Force, we have a road map for implementing our plan across our government and across the country.
I have talked about the statistics. We have all heard about them. But they always bear repeating. How nearly one in three children in this country are overweight and obese. How one in three kids will suffer from diabetes at some point in their lifetime as a result. And how we’re spending $150 billion a year to treat obesity-related conditions like heart disease and cancer.
That is why, three months ago, we started “Let’s Move” and we set a very ambitious goal — and that is to end the epidemic of childhood obesity in a generation, so that children born today grow up at a healthy weight.
And since we’ve made that announcement, we’ve already begun the work. It’s revolved around four main pillars. We’ve been working to give parents the information that they need to make healthy decisions for their families. We’ve been working to make our schools healthier. We’ve been working to increase the amount of physical activity that our kids are getting, not just during the day at school but also at home. And we’re working to eliminate “food deserts” so that folks have easy and affordable access to the foods they need right in their own neighborhoods.
But all that we’ve done over the past few months has really just been the beginning. We also want to make sure we’re using every resource that we have — not just in our federal government — but throughout the public and private sector, as well. We are calling upon mayors and governors; and parents and educators; business owners and health care providers — anyone who has a stake in giving our children the healthy, happy future that we all know they deserve.
And as I’ve said before, we don’t need new discoveries or new inventions to reverse this trend. Again, we have the tools at our disposal to reverse it. All we need is the motivation, the opportunity and the willpower to do what needs to be done.
That’s why, shortly after we started “Let’s Move,” we asked the Task Force to collect ideas and to put together a road map for what we need to do moving forward.
But we’ve also known, as Melody pointed out, from the very beginning that the solution to this epidemic isn’t going to come from just Washington alone. Not a single expert that we’ve consulted has said that having the federal government tell people what to do is the way to solve this.
That’s why the Task Force has done such a great job in reaching out to people all across the country for their ideas, as Melody has pointed out, and we’ve got terrific responses and input which has really helped to shape this report.
Today, the Task Force has submitted their report outlining important steps that federal agencies and their partners -– including businesses and the private sector -– will take in the months and years ahead to help keep our children healthy. For the first time — this is the key — we’re setting really clear goals and benchmarks and measurable outcomes that will help tackle this challenge one step, one family and one child at a time.
The effort starts with using the resources across the federal government in the most effective ways possible -– not just talking about making a difference, but actually doing it. And that’s why I am so proud of the folks behind me because they’ve really taken the lead and stepped up in their agencies.
At the Department of Agriculture, Secretary Vilsack — who couldn’t be here today, but Kathleen is — is leading the way to first reauthorize the Child Nutrition Act, to get healthier foods in our schools, and to make sure that everyone in this country has access to healthy, affordable foods in their neighborhoods.
At the Department of Health and Human Services, Secretary Sebelius is working to provide mothers with better prenatal care, and to give parents and caregivers the information they need to make healthy decisions for their families.
At the Department of Education, Secretary Duncan is working to expand opportunities for physical activity in schools, and helping our children learn how to make healthy choices for themselves.
And at the White House, Nancy-Ann DeParle worked with Secretary Sebelius and so many others to help pass health reform, the bill that is a groundbreaking piece of legislation that includes really important provisions like requiring chain restaurants to post the calories in their food, and businesses to provide opportunities for working mothers to continue to breastfeed.
This report also contains these steps, but many others -– more than 70, as Melody pointed out — including measurable benchmarks for tracking the progress. So if we do our jobs, and if we meet the goals we’ve set, we will reverse a 30-year trend and solve the problem of childhood obesity in America.
In order to make our kids maintain a healthy weight from the very beginning, we’re going to increase prenatal counseling, help pregnant mothers maintain a healthy weight. We’re also setting a goal to increase breastfeeding rates to help children get a healthy start on life.
To encourage children to eat healthier, we’re setting a goal to increase the amount of fruits that children consume to 75 percent of the recommended level by 2015. We want to increase that again to 85 percent by the year 2020, and then by the year 2030 we hope to be at 100 percent. We’re using a similar scale to increase the percentage of vegetables that our kids are eating as well. We’re also working to decrease the amount of added sugar that our kids consume from a whole range of products.
And to make sure that parents and kids are getting the right information that they need to make healthy decisions, we’re setting a goal that all primary care physicians should be assessing BMI at all well-child and adolescent visits by the year 2012. And we’re also working to increase the portion of healthy food and beverages that are advertised and targeted to our children so that within three years the majority of food and beverage ads aimed at kids will promote healthy choices.
We’re also setting benchmarks for our schools as well. We’ll be working, as I’ve said many times over the months, to double the number of schools that meet the HealthierUS School Challenge by the year 2011, and we want to add another thousand schools each year for the following two years. We’re also aiming to add an additional 2 million children to the National School Lunch Program by 2015.
And to help our kids stay active, we’re going to increase the number of high school students who participate in daily P.E. classes by 50 percent by the year 2030. And we’ll aim to increase the percentage of elementary schools that offer recess to 95 percent by the year 2015. Both these steps are aimed at boosting the number of kids of all ages who meet current physical activity guidelines.
To make it easier for parents to put healthy food on the table, we’re going to keep track of the low-income areas where residents live more than a mile from a supermarket or large grocery store, and for rural areas we’re tracking those that are more than 10 miles away. And we’ll set a goal of eliminating all those “food deserts” within seven years.
And to make it easier for kids to walk to school, we’re aiming to increase the percentage of school-age children who take safe walking and biking trips to school by 50 percent in the next five years.
In the end, that’s why this report, and this Task Force, are so important. We all know the dangers of childhood obesity, and the toll that it takes on our children, our families, and our country. We know the steps that we need to take to reverse the trend. Through “Let’s Move,” we’ve already started making some progress. We’ve gotten wonderful support from all sectors of our country.
And now, with this report, we have a very solid road map that we need to make these goals real, to solve this problem within a generation. Now we just need to follow through with the plan. We just need everyone to do their part — and it’s going to take everyone. No one gets off the hook on this one — from governments to schools, corporations to nonprofits, all the way down to families sitting around their dinner table.
And the one thing that I can promise is that as First Lady I’m going to continue to do everything that I can to focus my energy to keep this issue at the forefront of the discussion in this society so that we ensure that our children can have the healthy lives and the bright futures that they deserve.
So I am grateful to everyone here — not just members on stage, but people in the media who have really done an outstanding job to continue to keep this issue at the forefront. We’re going to keep needing to have this conversation. Our work has just begun. This road map is just the beginning. But we’re going to continue to need your help in monitoring, tracking, having the important discussions that we need to inform families about what’s going on, how to make the changes that they need. It’s not going to be easy, but we’ll do our part to stick with families and communities and reach our goals.
So I want to thank you all for the support you’ve lended this effort. I’m very proud of our federal agencies, all our secretaries and our agency heads. Every single one of them has shown a passion. They’ve seen around the country that we’re poised to make a difference in this country, that people are ready for this change.
So with that, I’ll again thank Melody for her work in leading this very efficient and effective effort, and then we’ll open it up. These secretaries will answer questions. I will leave — (laughter) — but they’re very competent to get that done.
So thank you, all. Thank you, guys. Thank you. (Applause.)
President Obama Releases National Strategy To Reduce Drug Use and Its Consequences
New Balanced and Collaborative Approach Emphasizes Prevention, Treatment, Enforcement, International Cooperation
WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Obama released the Administration’s inaugural National Drug Control Strategy, which establishes five-year goals for reducing drug use and its consequences through a balanced policy of prevention, treatment, enforcement, and international cooperation. The Strategy was developed by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) with input from a variety of Federal, State, and local partners.
“This Strategy calls for a balanced approach to confronting the complex challenge of drug use and its consequences,” said President Obama. “By boosting community-based prevention, expanding treatment, strengthening law enforcement, and working collaboratively with our global partners, we will reduce drug use and the great damage it causes in our communities. I am confident that when we take the steps outlined in this Strategy, we will make our country stronger and our people healthier and safer.”
The 2010 Strategy highlights a collaborative and balanced approach that emphasizes community-based prevention, integration of evidence-based treatment into the mainstream health care system, innovations in the criminal justice system to break the cycle of drug use and crime, and international partnerships to disrupt transnational drug trafficking organizations.
During a nationwide listening tour soliciting input for the development of the Strategy, National Drug Policy Director Gil Kerlikowske met with police and medical professionals, drug treatment providers and people in recovery, elected officials, corrections officials, academics, parents groups, faith leaders, and others. Throughout the consultation process, significant themes emerged which connect the drug issue to major Administration policy priorities, including the economy, health care reform, youth development, public safety, military and veterans’ issues, and foreign relations.
“In following President Obama’s charge to seek a broad range of input in the Strategy, I gained a renewed appreciation of how deeply concerned Americans are about drug use,” said Director Kerlikowske. “It touches virtually all of us, whether we know a family member, a friend, or a colleague who suffers from addiction or is in recovery, a police officer working to protect the community, or a parent striving to keep a child drug free,” said Director Kerlikowske.
The 2010 Strategy establishes five-year goals to reduce drug use and its consequences, including:
· Reduce the rate of youth drug use by 15 percent;
· Decrease drug use among young adults by 10 percent;
· Reduce the number of chronic drug users by 15 percent;
· Reduce the incidence of drug-induced deaths by 15 percent; and
· Reduce the prevalence of drugged driving by 10 percent.
In addition, the Strategy outlines three significant drug challenges on which the Administration will specifically focus this year: prescription drug abuse, drugged driving, and preventing drug use. Prescription drug abuse is the Nation’s fastest growing drug problem, driving significant increases of drug overdoses in recent years. Drugged driving poses threats to public safety, as evidenced by a recent roadside survey which found that one in six drivers on weekend nights tested positive for the presence of drugs. Preventing drug use before it starts is the best way to keep America’s youth drug-free. In addressing each of these issues, the Strategy outlines a research-driven, evidence-based, and collaborative approach.
New Strategy elements also include a focus on making recovery possible for every American addicted to drugs through an expansion of community addiction centers and the development of new medications and evidence-based treatments for addiction. Continued support for law enforcement, the criminal justice system, disrupting domestic drug traffic and production, working with partners to reduce global drug trade, and innovative community-based programs, such as drug courts, play a critical role in reducing American drug use and its effects.
For more information about the 2010 National Drug Control Strategy, watch a video message from R. Gil Kerlikowske, Director of National Drug Control Policy, or visit www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov.
Statement by the President on the Passing of Lena Horne
Michelle and I were deeply saddened to hear about the passing of Lena Horne – one of our nation’s most cherished entertainers. Over the years, she warmed the hearts of countless Americans with her beautiful voice and dramatic performances on screen. From the time her grandmother signed her up for an NAACP membership as a child, she worked tirelessly to further the cause of justice and equality. In 1940, she became the first African American performer to tour with an all white band. And while entertaining soldiers during World War II, she refused to perform for segregated audiences – a principled struggle she continued well after the troops returned home. Michelle and I offer our condolences to all those who knew and loved Lena , and we join all Americans in appreciating the joy she brought to our lives and the progress she forged for our country.